China’s nuclear energy industry is going global

Global Business

China’s Premier Li Keqiang is promoting the use of nuclear power, both at home and abroad, and that has led to the country’s increased involvement in nuclear reactor projects. China is helping build them in Pakistan and Romania, while it’s just investing in Argentina, the UK, Turkey and South Africa.

China's nuclear energy industry is going global

China's nuclear energy industry is going global

China's Premier Li Keqiang is promoting the use of nuclear power, both at home and abroad, and that has led to the country's increased involvement in nuclear reactor projects. China is helping build them in Pakistan and Romania, while it's just investing in Argentina, the UK, Turkey and South Africa.

This latest push comes just weeks after China’s state-run nuclear power company merged with China Power Investment. The new company is worth almost 113 billion dollars.

Minqi Li, Assistant Professor of the Department of Economics at the University of Utah spoke with CCTV America’s Michelle Makori about the situation.

  • Asteroid Miner

    Dear Minqi Li: Nuclear power is the safest source of electricity there is. You can find correct numbers from many sources. From “The Revenge of Gaia” by James Lovelock, page 102:

    Deaths per terrawatt year [twy] for energy industries, including Chernobyl. terra=mega mega [There are zero sources of energy that cause zero deaths, but not having the electricity causes the far more deaths because not having electricity is a form of poverty.]

    fuel……… ……..fatalities……..who……… …….deaths per twy

    coal……… ………6400…………workers……….. ………342

    natural gas….. ..1200………..workers and public… …85

    hydro…….. …….4000…………public………… …………883

    nuclear…….. ………31…………workers………… ………….8

    From
    http://nextbigfuture.com/2011/03/deaths-per-twh-by-energy-source.html

    Energy Source Death Rate (deaths per TWh [TeraWattHour])

    Coal (elect, heat,cook –world avg) 100 (26% of world energy, 50% of electricity)

    Coal electricity – world avg 60 (26% of world energy, 50% of electricity)

    Coal (elect,heat,cook)– China 170

    Coal electricity- China 90

    Coal – USA b 15

    Oil 36 (36% of world energy)

    Natural Gas 4 (21% of world energy)

    Biofuel/Biomass 12

    Peat 12

    Solar (rooftop) 0.44 (0.2% of world energy for all solar)

    Wind 0.15 (1.6% of world energy)

    Hydro 0.10 (europe death rate, 2.2% of world energy)

    Hydro – world including Banqiao) 1.4 (about 2500 TWh/yr and 171,000 Banqiao dead)

    Nuclear 0.04 (5.9% of world energy)

  • Asteroid Miner

    Why a Nuclear Power plant CAN NOT Explode like a Nuclear Bomb:

    Bombs are completely different from reactors. There is nothing similar about them except that they both need fissile materials. But they need DIFFERENT fissile materials and they use them very differently.

    A nuclear bomb “compresses” pure or nearly pure fissile material into a small space. The fissile material is either the uranium isotope 235 or plutonium239. Plutonium 240 from a power plant is not good for making a bomb. They are the reduced bright shiny metals, not metal oxide. If it is uranium, it is at least 90% uranium235 and 10% or less uranium238. These fissile materials are metals and very difficult to compress. Because they are difficult to compress, a high explosive [high speed explosive] is required to compress them. Pieces of the fissile material have to slam into each other hard for the nuclear reactions to take place.

    A nuclear reactor, such as the ones used for power generation, does not have any pure fissile material. The fuel may be 0.7% to 8% uranium235 oxide mixed with uranium238 oxide [uranium rust]. A mixture of 0.7% to 8% uranium235 rust mixed with uranium238 rust cannot be made to explode no matter how hard you try. A small amount of plutonium oxide mixed in with the uranium oxide can not change this. Reactor fuel still cannot be made to explode like a nuclear bomb no matter how hard you try. There has never been a nuclear explosion in a reactor and there never will be. [Pure reduced metallic uranium and plutonium are flammable, but a fire isn’t an explosion.] In a reactor, the fuel is further diluted by being divided and sealed into many small metal capsules. The capsules are contained in metal tubes. The fuel is further diluted by the need for coolant to flow around the capsules and through the core so that heat can be transported to a place where heat energy can be converted to electrical energy. A reactor does not contain any high speed [or any other speed] chemical explosive as a bomb must have. A reactor does not have any explosive materials at all.

    As is obvious from the above descriptions, there is no possible way that a reactor could ever explode like a nuclear bomb. Reactors and bombs are very different. Reactors and bombs are really not even related to each other. There was no nuclear explosion at Chernobyl.

  • Asteroid Miner

    Fukushima: Japanese laws and bureaucrats murdered 2000 people by unnecessary evacuation.

    ZERO PEOPLE HAVE DIED FROM FUKUSHIMA RADIATION.

    http://nextbigfuture.com/2012/08/fear-of-radiation-has-killed-761-and.html

    “Fear of Radiation (unnecessarily hasty evacuation and other measures) has killed 761 and radiation has killed none from Fukushima” as of August 07, 2012

    573 certified deaths were due to evacuation-related stress at Fukushima. Zero due to radiation. As of February 4, 2012

    http://www.beyondnuclear.org/home/2012/2/4/japanese-authorities-recognize-573-deaths-related-to-fukushi.html

    ZERO PEOPLE HAVE DIED FROM 3 Mile Island RADIATION.

    Fewer than 100 died from Chernobyl radiation. The Chernobyl reactor was a primitive Generation One machine without a containment building. American reactors have containment buildings that can contain any accident.

    We get 99.9% of our radiation from natural sources, called Natural Background Radiation. The total radiation in Fukushima is less than our Natural Background Radiation here in Illinois, USA.

  • Asteroid Miner

    Caithness Windfarm Information Forum at http://www.caithnesswindfarms.co.uk/accidents.pdf

    provides information on the deaths and injuries to humans caused by wind turbines. “11 December 2011 the Daily Telegraph reported that RenewableUK confirmed that there had been 1500 wind turbine accidents and incidents in the UK alone in the past 5 years. Data here reports only 142 UK accidents from 2006-2010 and so the figures here may only represent 9% of actual accidents.”

    CWIF says the wind industry had, to their knowledge, 102 fatal accidents resulting in 136 deaths of humans.

  • Asteroid Miner

    A Myth Being Foisted on the Illinois Legislature

    Fact: Renewable Energy mandates cause more CO2 to be produced, not less, and renewable energy doubles or more your electric bill. The reasons are as follows:

    Since solar “works” 15% of the time and wind “works” 20% of the time, we need either energy storage technology we don’t have or ambient temperature superconductors and we don’t have them either. Wind and solar are so intermittent that electric companies are forced to build new generator capacity that can load-follow very fast, and that means natural gas fired gas turbines. The gas turbines have to be kept spinning at full speed all the time to ramp up quickly enough. The result is that wind and solar not only double your electric bill, wind and solar also cause MORE CO2 to be produced.

    We do not have battery or energy storage technology that could smooth out wind and solar at a price that would be possible to do. The energy storage would “cost” in the neighborhood of a QUADRILLION dollars for the US. That is an imaginary price because we could not get the materials to do it if we had that much money.

    The only real way to reduce CO2 production from electricity generation is to replace all fossil fueled sources with the newest available generation of nuclear unless you live near Niagara Falls. Nuclear can load-follow fast enough as long as wind and solar power are not connected to the grid.

    MYTHS: The myths being perpetrated by wind turbine marketers are that:

    Wind and solar energy are free and will lower your electric bill

    and

    Wind and solar energy are CO2 free and will reduce the total CO2 produced by electricity generation.

    But

    Californians are paying twice as much for electricity as I am and Germans are paying 4 times as much as I am. The reason is renewables mandates. Illinois has 6 nuclear power plants and we are working hard to keep them. I am paying 7&1/2 cents /kilowatt hour. What are you paying?

    And

    Californians and Germans are making more CO2 per kilowatt hour than Illinoisans. It turns out that even without burning natural gas or coal to make up for the intermittency of wind and solar, wind turbines and large scale solar collectors require more concrete and steel per kilowatt hour than nuclear power does.

    FALLACIES: The fallacies in the myth are failure to do the math and failure to do all of the engineering required. The myth is easy to propagate among most people because there is quite a lot of math to do and there is a lot of engineering to learn. University electrical engineering departments offer electrical engineering degrees with specialization in power transmission [electric grids]. That is only part of the engineering that needs to be done to figure the whole thing out.

    References are too extensive to list here. The fact that nuclear is safer than wind has to go in a separate paper.

  • Asteroid Miner

    Spent nuclear fuel is not a proliferation risk because a power plant makes the wrong isotopes of plutonium for bombs. To make a bomb, you need pure plutonium239 [Pu239].

    Isotopes: One chemical element can come in several isotopes. The element [atomic] number describes the number of protons in the nucleus. Different isotopes of an element have different numbers of neutrons. You are made of atoms. Every atom has a nucleus. Each nucleus contains the number of protons required for that element plus some number of neutrons. The number of neutrons for one element varies. For example, oxygen has 8 protons and either 8 or 9 or 10 neutrons. We say that 8O16, 8O17 and 8O18 are 3 different isotopes of oxygen. You breathe all 3 isotopes of oxygen. Some isotopes of some elements are radioactive, while other isotopes of the same elements are stable. You inevitably eat both radioactive and stable isotopes of the elements that you must eat to live.

    To make Pu239, you have to shut down the reactor and do a fuel cycle after one month or less of operation. Since removing and replacing fuel takes a month, a short-cycled reactor operates half the time. A power plant that has a one month on, one month off fuel cycle would stick out a lot more than the proverbial sore thumb.

    A reactor used to make electricity runs for 18 months to 2 years between refuelings. In that time, Pu239 absorbs extra neutrons, becoming Pu240, Pu241, Pu242, 95americium243, 96curium247, 97berkelium247, 98californium251, 99einsteinium25, 100fermium257 and so on. The higher [more protons] elements are made by beta decays, where a neutron becomes a proton, an electron and a neutrino.

    7% Pu240 is enough to spoil a bomb and you get a lot more than 7% Pu240 from a reactor that has been running for 18 months. Separating Pu239 from those higher actinides is a technology that has not been developed. Nobody would try to do that separation because the easy way to make Pu239 is with a short cycle reactor. Governments that have plutonium bombs, have government owned government operated [GOGO] reactors that do nothing but make Pu239.