What is China’s National Day?

World Today

After a long civil war and war against Japanese aggression, the People’s Republic of China Central People’s Government committee held it’s first meeting on Oct. 1, 1949. 

On this day, Chairman Mao Zedong, Vice-Chairman Zhu De, Liu Shaoqi, the Soong Ching Ling, Li Chi-shen, Zhang Lan and all other committee members swore an oath of office and the Central People’s government was established.

Photos: How do people celebrate Chinese National Day?

As China embraces the National Day holiday, the country's birthday on Oct. 1st, 2015, let's take a look at what Chinese people are doing in celebration of the 66th anniversary of the founding of the People's Republic of China.

National flag
National flag
Fireworks in Hong Kong in celebration of Chinese National Day
Fireworks in Hong Kong in celebration of Chinese National Day
Tiananmen Square at night
Tiananmen Square at night
Tourists on Tiananmen Square
Tourists on Tiananmen Square
 Flag-raising ceremony
Flag-raising ceremony
 Flag-raising ceremony
Flag-raising ceremony
Tourists in front of the National Museum of China
Tourists in front of the National Museum of China
Tourists on Tiananmen Square
Tourists on Tiananmen Square
Tourists on Tian'anmen Square
Tourists on Tian'anmen Square
Tourists on Tiananmen Square
Tourists on Tiananmen Square
Tourists on Tian'anmen Square
Tourists on Tian'anmen Square

Just a few hours later, a founding ceremony was held in Beijing’s Tiananmen Square where Chairman Mao declared: “The Central people’s government has been established.”

In Beijing, more than 300,000 soldiers and civilians participated in the founding ceremony and parade. On Dec. 3, 1949, the Central People’s Government Council passed a resolution making Oct. 1 of each year China’s National Day.

Watch Mao proclaim the establishment of the PRC: