What is China’s National Day?

World Today

After a long civil war and war against Japanese aggression, the People’s Republic of China Central People’s Government committee held it’s first meeting on Oct. 1, 1949. 

On this day, Chairman Mao Zedong, Vice-Chairman Zhu De, Liu Shaoqi, the Soong Ching Ling, Li Chi-shen, Zhang Lan and all other committee members swore an oath of office and the Central People’s government was established.

Photos: How do people celebrate Chinese National Day?

As China embraces the National Day holiday, the country's birthday on Oct. 1st, 2015, let's take a look at what Chinese people are doing in celebration of the 66th anniversary of the founding of the People's Republic of China.

[img src=https://america.cgtn.com/wp-content/flagallery/in-photos-how-people-celebrate-chinese-national-day/thumbs/thumbs_flag-cfp.jpg]3950National flag
Chinese people hold a huge national flag on the square to celebrate the 66th anniversary of the founding of People' Republic of China. [Photo/CFP]
[img src=https://america.cgtn.com/wp-content/flagallery/in-photos-how-people-celebrate-chinese-national-day/thumbs/thumbs_hongkong-cfp.jpg]2642Fireworks in Hong Kong in celebration of Chinese National Day
Fireworks are seen over the city skyline as part of China's national day celebrations in Hong Kong on October 1, 2015. China is marking the 66th anniversary of the founding of the People's Republic of China on October 1, 1949. [Photo/AFP Philippe Lopez ]
[img src=https://america.cgtn.com/wp-content/flagallery/in-photos-how-people-celebrate-chinese-national-day/thumbs/thumbs_beijing2-cfp.jpg]2200Tiananmen Square at night
Chinese people visit the Tiananmen Square in Beijing, capital of China in celebration of the 66th National Day holidays. [Photo/CFP]
[img src=https://america.cgtn.com/wp-content/flagallery/in-photos-how-people-celebrate-chinese-national-day/thumbs/thumbs_beijing-cfp.jpg]2171Tourists on Tiananmen Square
Tourists gather around the Tiananmen Square in Beijing, capital of China, Oct 1, 2015 to celebrate the National Day holidays. [Photo/CFP]
[img src=https://america.cgtn.com/wp-content/flagallery/in-photos-how-people-celebrate-chinese-national-day/thumbs/thumbs_xinhua6.jpg]2010 Flag-raising ceremony
A national flag-raising ceremony is held at the Tiananmen Square to mark the 66th anniversary of the founding of the People's Republic of China on the National Day in Beijing, Oct 1, 2015. [Photo/Xinhua]
[img src=https://america.cgtn.com/wp-content/flagallery/in-photos-how-people-celebrate-chinese-national-day/thumbs/thumbs_xinhua7.jpg]1860 Flag-raising ceremony
A national flag-raising ceremony is held at the Tiananmen Square to mark the 66th anniversary of the founding of the People's Republic of China on the National Day in Beijing, Oct 1, 2015. [Photo/Xinhua]
[img src=https://america.cgtn.com/wp-content/flagallery/in-photos-how-people-celebrate-chinese-national-day/thumbs/thumbs_xinhua5.jpg]1850Tourists in front of the National Museum of China
Tourists line up in front of the National Museum of China located on the east of the Tiananmen Square in Beijing, capital of China, Oct 1, 2015, the first day of the National Day holidays. [Photo/Xinhua]
[img src=https://america.cgtn.com/wp-content/flagallery/in-photos-how-people-celebrate-chinese-national-day/thumbs/thumbs_xinhua3.jpg]1780Tourists on Tiananmen Square
Tourists visit the Tiananmen Square in Beijing, capital of China, Oct 1, 2015, the first day of the National Day holidays. [Photo/Xinhua]
[img src=https://america.cgtn.com/wp-content/flagallery/in-photos-how-people-celebrate-chinese-national-day/thumbs/thumbs_xinhua2.jpg]1680Tourists on Tian'anmen Square
Tourists take selfie as they visit the Tiananmen Square in Beijing, capital of China, Oct 1, 2015, the first day of the National Day holidays. [Photo/Xinhua]
[img src=https://america.cgtn.com/wp-content/flagallery/in-photos-how-people-celebrate-chinese-national-day/thumbs/thumbs_xinhua4.jpg]1670Tourists on Tiananmen Square
Tourists pose for photo as they visit the Tiananmen Square in Beijing, capital of China, Oct 1, 2015, the first day of the National Day holidays. [Photo/Xinhua]
[img src=https://america.cgtn.com/wp-content/flagallery/in-photos-how-people-celebrate-chinese-national-day/thumbs/thumbs_xinhua1.jpg]1550Tourists on Tian'anmen Square
Tourists visit the Tiananmen Square in Beijing, capital of China, Oct 1, 2015, the first day of the National Day holidays. [Photo/Xinhua]

Just a few hours later, a founding ceremony was held in Beijing’s Tiananmen Square where Chairman Mao declared: “The Central people’s government has been established.”

In Beijing, more than 300,000 soldiers and civilians participated in the founding ceremony and parade. On Dec. 3, 1949, the Central People’s Government Council passed a resolution making Oct. 1 of each year China’s National Day.

Watch Mao proclaim the establishment of the PRC: