China cuts interest rates to boost real economy

World Today

In this Wednesday, March 13, 2013 file photo, Chinese paramilitary policemen stand on duty outside the People’s Bank of China in Beijing, China. China’s central bank said Sunday, May 10, 2015, that it is cutting interest rates for the third time in six months to boost the country’s sluggish economy. (AP Photo/Ng Han Guan, File)

China’s central bank on Sunday, May 10, announced an interest rates cut starting May 11, the third time since November last year, to bolster the real economy.

The People’s Bank of China (PBOC) will cut the benchmark deposit and loan interest rates by 25 basis points (bps). After the cut, the one-year deposit rate will stand at 2.25 percent, and the one-year lending rate at 5.1 percent.

This is the third round of rate cuts by the PBOC following one in November 2014 and another in March 2015.

The cuts will lower funding costs to facilitate healthy development of the real economy and ensure a modest monetary environment amid the ongoing strategy of national economic restructuring, the PBOC said.

Ma Jun, chief economist with the research bureau of the PBOC, said the interest rate cuts should not be interpreted as the Chinese version of quantitative easing (QE).

QE, adopted in some developed countries, is a set of unconventional policy measures when the policy rates are close to zero and the real economy faces recession, but this is not what is happening in China as the central bank still has many conventional tools to pump liquidity, Ma said.

China’s economy now faces grave downward pressure and it is necessary to cut actual interest rates and stabilize investment growth through reducing nominal interest rates. If nominal interest rates were not cut while inflation was dropping, real interest rates will climb with risks of passive contraction in monetary conditions, Ma said.

The cut was in line with market expectation of pro-growth monetary measures after a string of indicators, including manufacturing activity and foreign trade, suggested the world’s second largest economy confronted a rocky ride on its reform drive.

Given looming downward pressure and deflationary risks, the cut, a wise move, responds to the economic circumstance and will serve as a boon to lowering financing costs, said Qu Hongbin, chief economist for China at HSBC.

The PBOC said it would continue to implement prudent monetary policies and make moderate adjustments based on changes in liquidity, inflation and economic situation, striking a policy balance between economic restructuring and growth.


Report by Xinhua

  • Zhuubaajie

    Mayhap it would take more than just cutting interest rate and cutting bank reserve requirements, to increase demand.

    A more direct way to increase export demand would be to extend up to 100 Trillion RMB (US$16 Trillion) in low interest RMB loans to central banks around the world, suitable for buying Made in China products and services (but not for cross border investments into China). Also start denominating oil payments in RMB. Such actions would leave capital controls intact, yet at the same time providing a giant shot in the arm for exports, and promote instant circulation of RMB outside the border.