Iran’s nuclear capabilities: What’s next?

The Heat

Last Friday, the fifth round of negotiations over Iran’s nuclear capabilities ended in Vienna. However, it is still unclear how much progress has been made.

According to a spokesman for EU foreign policy chief Catherine Ashton, the drafting of a deal is in progress. Iranian foreign minister Mohammed Javad Zarif has urged the P5+1 powers to “abandon excessive demands which will not be accepted by Iran.”

Such demands include strict constraints on uranium enrichment and deep cuts in Iran’s nearly 20,000 centrifuges, in exchange for relief from damaging economic sanctions.

There is clearly still much to be decided, with less than a month before the self-imposed deadline for an agreement. CCTV’s Sandra Gathmann has the latest from Vienna.

The Heat: Fifth round of Iran nuclear talks completed

The Heat: Fifth round of Iran nuclear talks completed

Last Friday, the fifth round of negotiations over Iran's nuclear capabilities ended in Vienna. However, it is still unclear how much progress has been made. CCTV's Sandra Gathmann has the latest from Vienna.
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Two leading scholars with opposing viewpoints join CCTV’s Anand Naidoo to discuss the status of negotiations with Iran over its nuclear capabilities. From London, Emanuele Ottolenghi, a senior fellow with the U.S.-based policy institute Foundation for Defense of Democracies. And from Tehran, Seyed Mohammad Marandi, a member of the Institute for North American and European Studies and a professor at the University of Tehran. The interview is divided into two parts.

Part I:

Marandi and Ottolenghi on Iran\'s nuclear program: Part I

Marandi and Ottolenghi on Iran\'s nuclear program: Part I

Two leading scholars with opposing viewpoints join CCTV's Anand Naidoo to discuss the status of negotiations with Iran over its nuclear capabilities. From London, Emanuele Ottolenghi, a senior fellow with the U.S.-based policy institute Foundation for Defense of Democracies. And from Tehran, Seyed Mohammad Marandi, a member of the Institute for North American and European Studies and a professor at the University of Tehran.
Download Video

Part II:

Marandi and Ottolenghi on Iran\'s nuclear program: Part II

Marandi and Ottolenghi on Iran\'s nuclear program: Part II

Two leading scholars with opposing viewpoints join CCTV's Anand Naidoo to discuss the status of negotiations with Iran over its nuclear capabilities. From London, Emanuele Ottolenghi, a senior fellow with the U.S.-based policy institute Foundation for Defense of Democracies. And from Tehran, Seyed Mohammad Marandi, a member of the Institute for North American and European Studies and a professor at the University of Tehran.
Download Video

  • The overall aim of Rouhani, Khamenei and Zarif is maintaining Iran’s weapons
    building infrastructure capability. In short, centrifuge capacity is the one
    and only make or break point for the Iranians. It can concede reductions in its
    enriched stockpile. It can tolerate a reduction in its heavy water reactor.
    What it can’t tolerate is a reduction in its ability to ramp up refining
    quickly. In fact, while the West has asked for reductions in the 19,000 older
    generation centrifuges Iran has now, Iran has demanded an increase of another
    30,000 next generation centrifuges which would have the capability of
    processing enriched fuel at an even faster rate. Iran views fuel enrichment as
    the cornerstone of its weapons program and the most complicated and will not
    alter its stance there. Everything else is negotiable from the regime’s
    viewpoint. What is really amazing is the complete lack of inclusion by the West
    of improvements in Iran’s human rights record which is appalling. Unfortunately
    negotiators have gotten into the sandbox technical issues and have failed to
    seize the opportunity for real changes in Iran.